It is no news to everyday internet users that on the 4th of January 2022 a Chief Superintendent of Police (CSP) who oversees a police siege in Magodo, Lagos State openly defies the order of the Executive Governor of Lagos State (Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu).
While the news has been flying around as to the conduct of the police officer to publicly defies the order of the Executive Governor of Lagos State and many people demanding that the officer should be sanctioned, this article will explain what the true position of the law is as regards to a security issue in the Federal Republic of Nigeria under the Constitution of Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended), whether Governors are actually the Chief Security Officers of their respective States, how Mr. Governor should have handled such matter, and whether the CSP was right not to have disclosed the number of men he has on ground for the operation to the Governor.
Here Is The Position Of Law
The Nigeria Police Force is a federal body created by the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended).
Section 214 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) created the Nigeria Police Force. Section 215(1) established the office of the Inspector General of the Police (IGP) and by the provision of section 215(2) the constitution use plain English in vesting the Nigeria Police Force shall be under the command of the Inspector-General of Police and contingents of the Nigeria Police Force stationed in a state shall, subject to the authority of the Inspector-General of Police, be under the command of the Commissioner of Police of that state. The above provision is also in line with section 6 of the Police Act 2020. Also, matters as to police are under item 45 of the Exclusive List.
The CSP said to Mr. Governor that he has received the order from the IGP and the Honourable Attorney General of the Federation to carry out the operation. Obviously, many people saw his conduct as being rude and were all misled as Mr. Governor stated that He is the Chief Security Officer of Lagos State (Not True).
Sanwo-Olu Claimed To Be The Chief Security Of Lagos State.
The office of the Governor is created by the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as amended) under section 176(1) of the Constitution which stated that there shall be for each State of the Federation a Governor. Section 176(2) further stated that the governor of a state shall be the Chief Executive of that state. As you can see the Constitution is very clear on the matter and there was never a mention of the office of the Governor as the Chief Security Officer of the state.
Take for instance the creation of the office of the President, the Constitution made it clear that the President shall be the Commander-in-Chief of Armed Forces of Federation. See section 130.
As mentioned above on the provision creating the Nigeria Police Force, the entire Police in the Federation is under the command of the Inspector-General of Police as Nigeria still practices the Federal Policing system.
Similarly, the Armed Forces which consist of the Nigeria Army, the Nigeria Navy, and the Nigeria Air Force are also not under the control of any state Governor in Nigeria. The Armed Forces is also a creation of the Constitution in which the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces. See Sections 130 and 218 of the Constitution.
Although the President is the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, the constitution however gives the President power to delegate some power to the following: Minister of Defence, Chief of Defence Staff, the Chief of Army Staff, the Chief of Naval Staff, and the Chief of Air Staff. This is similar to the provision of sections 7 and 8 of the Armed Forces Act 2007.
As explained above, it is crystal clear that the state Governors are not the Chief Security Officers in their respective States.
How Should The Governor Have Handled Such Situation?
In all honesty, Mr. Governor’s conduct from the clip I watched looked like someone who is seeking unnecessary attention from the public.
He is the Executive Governor of Lagos State for a reason and such office gives him some freedom to call any office in the Federal Republic of Nigeria. In my humble opinion, I believe the Governor could have easily invited the Commissioner of Police and the CSP leading the operation to his office and make a phone call right in their presence to the office of the Inspector General of Police to demand that the operation should be called off.
If the Inspector General of Police, then insisted on having his men at Magodo then the Governor can also call the Chief Law Officer of the Federation to demand the reason behind the operation in his state without his consent and have him talk to the Inspector General of Police, the Governor can even go as far as having the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria involved in the matter. All this can be done behind the closed door without the need for media publicity as the Governor has done in exchanging words with the CSP leading the operation openly in front of pressmen.
Is The CSP Right Not To Have Disclosed The Number Of His Men On Ground?
The answer to this is in the affirmative. Security is everyone’s business and as such we must all be security conscious. The CSP is responsible for the lives of all the men he has on ground for that operation, and he has done the right thing not to have disclosed the number of men he has on ground. Again, if it was a behind the close door discussion between the Governor and the CSP, then he may be willing to tell the Governor the number of men he has on ground.
The Governor question was in public and in front of the pressmen which means such information will travel faster and farther thereby endangering the life of his men. Once the people are aware that they can outnumber the officers on ground who is to tell that they won’t result to self-help to remove the officers from the premises? This may also lead to loss of lives and damage to properties and guess who will be responsible for all the action? Well, you already know the answer will be the CSP leading the operation.
Without having to repeat what I have explained above, I believe it is clearer as to the reason behind the refusal of the CSP to obey the Governors’s order to evacuate Magodo. As the CSP had claimed that the order was from the office of the IGP and the Attorney General of Federation, only then can call off the operation and not Mr. Governor or even the Commissioner of Police of Lagos State.
I understand clearly, I guess the Governor simply meant that the lives and property of his citizens were his priority hence he assumed the role of the Chief Security Officer, however, this was an amazing read! Kudos to Ayo for putting this up! It’s so enlightening. Keep up the good work
Well written 👏
This is a fantastic article
Well explained 👍👍
Nice write up Ayo.
How do we explain the monthly payment of Security Vote the Governor gets and out of which Mr Governor gives the COP a big chunk of money.. So can we t be assumed that Mr Governor is only the Chief Security Officer of his State Politically and Financially and with no Constitutional Powers to command or control the Police in his State.
NB: Ayo please amend your call to Bar date in this write up . That date is not valid
Everyone is just misusing power in this country!
Anyway its all clear now
Nice write up. I learnt alot from this. Na for the issue of security vote, that comes on the ministry of finance. Hence that does not in anyway suggest them being the chief security officer of the state. Like you jokingly pointed out, they may be politically and financially but not in the true sense by the constitution.
Very enlightening..great work
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