It is often misconceived that the ban on the use of performance-enhancing drugs in sports was just to eliminate the undue advantage that these persons have against their opponents who do not use these drugs.
Sports are now more important to the general public than they have ever been, so effective dispute resolution is essential. Arbitration is a good strategy. It is quick, professional and diverse. Due to the rise of disputes, litigation is not a good method of dispute resolution.
International federations exist to ensure that there is uniformity and consistency in sports. In the European and Football framework, the power of international federations is wielded more authoritatively because there exists a strong disincentive of ostracization of National teams who refuse to subject themselves to the hierarchy